66, of Bayonne passed away on February 9, 2018. He was a member of American Legion and of the Army. He is predeceased by his parents, Ted and Anne (nee: Vaszely) Michalski; and his brothers, John and Tommy Michalski. Robert is survived by his wife, Elaine (nee: Dickman) Michalski; his step-daughter, Sherri LaMantia; his brother, Edward and his wife, Bonnie Michalski; his grand-daughter, Alexa; and by his many nieces and nephews. In lieu of flowers, please make donations to St. Jude’s Children Hospital. Funeral arrangements by DZIKOWSKI, PIERCE & LEVIS Funeral Home, 24-32 E. 19th St.
Ask babies who they are, and they’ll babble something that seems nonsensical. Turns out, they’re onto something.Jerome Kagan, a developmental psychologist and the Daniel and Amy Starch Professor of Psychology Emeritus, has spent the past 30 years of his lengthy career studying the temperaments of those little people, which originate in a child’s unique biology, along with the experiences that shape their personalities. These discoveries are summarized in his new book, “The Temperamental Thread.”Twenty percent of Kagan’s 4-month-old infant subjects were labeled high reactive, “a behavioral profile marked by vigorous motor activity and crying to unfamiliar experiences.” And 40 percent were labeled low reactive because they showed the opposite behaviors. Both temperaments are modest predictors of future personalities, depending on how children responded to their environments. (Another 40 percent belonged to neither group.)“The high-reactive infants are biased to become children who are timid, shy, and cautious in unfamiliar situations. This is a personality trait known as inhibited,” said Kagan. “The low reactives are biased to develop into outgoing, spontaneous, fearless children — uninhibited.”Kagan also explores links between temperament and gender, ethnicity, mental illness, and more. The difference between males and females is always newsworthy fodder, and, according to Kagan, “over the past 50 years, many scientists have discovered intriguing biological differences between males and females that imply different patterns of temperaments in girls and boys.”“The most obvious are related to the molecules oxytocin and vasopressin, and the sex hormones. It appears that these molecules, in conjunction with others and experience, bias girls to care more about the quality of their social relationships and bias boys to care more about their potency and relative status with other males.”Kagan said he’d always been curious about the mind and “the persistence of beliefs that are not in accord with experience,” and recalled arguing at a young age with his mother, who believed in inborn traits of personality.“During the 1940s and ’50s, many citizens and social scientists believed that the main, if not the only, cause of the problems that plague our species were childhood experiences,” said Kagan. “This belief was an heir of Freudian ideas and the confidence of behaviorists, who were demonstrating the power of experience to shape animal behavior. It followed that anyone who discovered the specific experiences that led to a mental illness, crime, or school failure would be a hero doing God’s work. Who would not entertain the idea of becoming a child psychologist, given this Zeitgeist?”Although retired, Kagan still enjoys collaborations with colleagues Nancy Snidman of Children’s Hospital and Assistant Professor of Psychiatry Carl Schwartz, and has begun to write “a set of essays on some contemporary but controversial issues that surround the meanings and measurements of the concepts of happiness, morality, brain bases for psychological states, and mental illnesses.”But what about Kagan’s baby subjects? Where are they now? “Infant temperaments act to limit what children will become; they do not guarantee a particular personality,” he noted.“A life itinerary is like the game of ‘Twenty Questions.’ Each new piece of information eliminates a large number of possibilities, but many still remain.”
As promised last week, we will commence from this week to publish the stories of our young peace volunteers. In their own words, we will feature the great but silent contributions of our volunteers to sustainable peace in Liberia. We will present their motivations, their roles and responsibilities in peacebuilding and their aspirations.Their messages of peace and vision should resonate with not just peace advocates, but with the entire youth of Liberia and Liberians in diaspora.This week, we present to you: Ms. Eno Edet Inwang-Peace Clubs Coordinator. We hope that you will find it inspiring.And in her own words:I am Eno Edet Inwang, a promising young Liberian. I am 19. I live with my mother, Ms. Anna K. Inwang on Newport Street, Monrovia. I am a graduate of the First Assembly of God High School on Carey & Buchannan Streets in Monrovia and presently a student of Sociology at the United Methodist University (UMU), Ashmum Street.Volunteerism has always been my passion since I was a little girl. As a young lady growing up, it was very good to be seen as a volunteer. I enjoy rendering my services and time towards the growth of humanity. My first encounter with formal volunteerism started when as the past president of the First Assembly of God High School, I represented my school at the Students’ Observance Day of International Day of Peace organized by Messengers of Peace – Liberia on Friday, September 21, 2012.At that event, I was amazed to see how happy young people are to volunteer their services and time for a particular causes— peace. It was then that I realized that peace advocacy is very important to our national development.I got more interested in the works MOP does after listening to all of the wonderful programs the young people of the organization undertook. I said to myself, “I TOO CAN CONTRIBUTE. I WILL NOT REST UNTIL I BECOME A PART OF THIS GREAT FAMILY AND MAKE MY CONTRIBUTION TO A SUSTAINABLE PEACE IN LIBERIA”.I am proud and happy that I presently serve as the MOP’s Peace Clubs Coordinator. My greatest moments have been reaching out to the young people in the peace clubs within the schools and communities, building and strengthening their capacities just as I strengthen my own capacity.At MOP, we undertake a lot of peace advocacy and mentorship programs for sustainable peace. Through this peace advocacy, lots of young people have been able to realize that they can be peace messengers rather than being used to create violence.Like we say in Liberia, other people have their “areas” but for me, peace is my “area”. What is yours?Through the continuous motivation I receive from my mother and siblings, I have been able to combine studies with volunteerism and I am particularly thankful to the Executive Director of MOP, Ms. Gwendolyn Myers, who has also served as a source of inspiration and nursing mother for me and all peace messengers.She has always been there watching my back. And I appreciate her guidance and pieces of advice that have made me become a better person.I want to use this medium to call on all Liberians especially the youths to be actively involved in peace building.As our Executive Director will say “WE ALL HAVE TO WORK TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE PEACE FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE”.Peace begins with just a smile, it comes from within, do not seek it from without.Mahatma Gandi said, “The day the power of love overrules the love of power, the world will know peace”.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)