Often, we are what we were


first_imgAsk babies who they are, and they’ll babble something that seems nonsensical. Turns out, they’re onto something.Jerome Kagan, a developmental psychologist and the Daniel and Amy Starch Professor of Psychology Emeritus, has spent the past 30 years of his lengthy career studying the temperaments of those little people, which originate in a child’s unique biology, along with the experiences that shape their personalities. These discoveries are summarized in his new book, “The Temperamental Thread.”Twenty percent of Kagan’s 4-month-old infant subjects were labeled high reactive, “a behavioral profile marked by vigorous motor activity and crying to unfamiliar experiences.” And 40 percent were labeled low reactive because they showed the opposite behaviors. Both temperaments are modest predictors of future personalities, depending on how children responded to their environments. (Another 40 percent belonged to neither group.)“The high-reactive infants are biased to become children who are timid, shy, and cautious in unfamiliar situations. This is a personality trait known as inhibited,” said Kagan. “The low reactives are biased to develop into outgoing, spontaneous, fearless children — uninhibited.”Kagan also explores links between temperament and gender, ethnicity, mental illness, and more. The difference between males and females is always newsworthy fodder, and, according to Kagan, “over the past 50 years, many scientists have discovered intriguing biological differences between males and females that imply different patterns of temperaments in girls and boys.”“The most obvious are related to the molecules oxytocin and vasopressin, and the sex hormones. It appears that these molecules, in conjunction with others and experience, bias girls to care more about the quality of their social relationships and bias boys to care more about their potency and relative status with other males.”Kagan said he’d always been curious about the mind and “the persistence of beliefs that are not in accord with experience,” and recalled arguing at a young age with his mother, who believed in inborn traits of personality.“During the 1940s and ’50s, many citizens and social scientists believed that the main, if not the only, cause of the problems that plague our species were childhood experiences,” said Kagan. “This belief was an heir of Freudian ideas and the confidence of behaviorists, who were demonstrating the power of experience to shape animal behavior. It followed that anyone who discovered the specific experiences that led to a mental illness, crime, or school failure would be a hero doing God’s work. Who would not entertain the idea of becoming a child psychologist, given this Zeitgeist?”Although retired, Kagan still enjoys collaborations with colleagues Nancy Snidman of Children’s Hospital and Assistant Professor of Psychiatry Carl Schwartz, and has begun to write “a set of essays on some contemporary but controversial issues that surround the meanings and measurements of the concepts of happiness, morality, brain bases for psychological states, and mental illnesses.”But what about Kagan’s baby subjects? Where are they now? “Infant temperaments act to limit what children will become; they do not guarantee a particular personality,” he noted.“A life itinerary is like the game of ‘Twenty Questions.’ Each new piece of information eliminates a large number of possibilities, but many still remain.”last_img read more

Workers’ comp judges up for reappointment


first_imgWorkers’ comp judges up for reappointment Workers’ comp judges up for reappointment The Statewide Nominating Commission for Judges of Compensation Claims will meet June 13 at 9 a.m. at the Hyatt Regency Orlando International Airport at 9300 Airport Blvd. for the purpose of interviewing the following workers’ compensation judges for reappointment: Judge Ivy Harris, Judge Diane Beck, Judge David Langham, Judge Kathryn Pecko, and Judge S. Scott Stephens.Any questions or comments relating to any of the above judges of compensation claims should be directed to: Victor Marrero, Commission Chair, Director of Risk Management, Broward Sheriff’s Office, Ft. Lauderdale 33312; telephone (954) 831-8358; fax (954) 321-4587; and e-mail [email protected] June 1, 2005 Regular Newslast_img read more

Dubrovnik cable car before closing?


first_imgAs of this week, the Customs Administration is on the ground and in the investigation of the company Excelsa nekretnine, which a few days ago informed their employees and partners about the possibility of closing the cable car by the Customs Administration. ”The allegations that the company Excelsa nekretnine has been waiting for a concession agreement for nine years are untrue, namely in February 2017 they were delivered a Concession Agreement which the company never signed. The Concessions Act adopted by the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia is binding on everyone, including Excelsa nekretnine, so it is incredible that the responsible person of Excelsa nekretnine calls for a reasonable solution to this situation in the best interest of the state, the City of Dubrovnik and its citizens. what is reasonable; compliance with the laws of the Republic of Croatia and payment of the concession fee with all arrears ” Franković points out, and adds that it is at least hypocritical to invoke the interests of the City and its citizens, and to carry out economic activities and make a profit for nine years, without paying the same City a concession fee. “The Republic of Croatia is based on law-based rights, but also obligations, so on behalf of the City of Dubrovnik and its citizens, I call on the responsible persons of Excelsa Real Estate to stop manipulating. I remind you of the judgments of the Commercial Court in Dubrovnik and call on them to pay their debt from the past so that the City of Dubrovnik can conclude a concession agreement with Excelsa nekretnine ” emphasizes Franković. At the end of this “legal mess”, it is not good to shoot three sides through the media, from the state, investors, to the city of Dubrovnik, because again it does not lead to anything constructive, and the solution is only possible at the table and quick reaction of the state, respecting all laws.The After long-standing disputes between the City of Dubrovnik and Excel Real Estate, the owners of the Dubrovnik cable car, which date back to 2010, when the company renovated the cable car and requested a concession, the whole story could finally unravel. The judgment in question ordered Excelsa Real Estate to pay the City of Dubrovnik the amount of HRK 20.104.250,00, increased by default interest. This is a first-instance verdict for performing the activity of transporting passengers by cable car without a concession contract. Mato Franković, Mayor of Dubrovnik: Closing the cable car is the only legal solution “Closing the cable car is not in the best interests of these parties and therefore does not represent a reasonable solution.” concludes Ruskovic. “The last decision on the concession was made by the City of Dubrovnik in April last year, but the contract in accordance with that decision has not yet been submitted to Excelsa Real Estate for signature. As the concession agreement has not been signed and there is no legal basis for the city of Dubrovnik to issue invoices for the concession fee of Excelsa real estate, so Excelsa real estate has never been given the opportunity to pay the concession fee ” points out Anto Rusković from Excelsa Real Estate and adds that they still believe in a reasonable solution in the best interest of the state, the city of Dubrovnik and its citizens, Excelsa Real Estate and their business partners.  In a statement, Excelsa nekretnine reports that they are continuing to operate the popular cable car in Dubrovnik. According to their information, the supervision of the Customs Administration is underway and at the moment they do not know when and how it will end, but given this situation, Excelsa Real Estate has decided that the cable car, when weather conditions allow, to continue regular work until the next notices. Namely, the Commercial Court in Dubrovnik on March 22, 2019. passed and published the verdict in the case that was conducted in connection with the lawsuit of the City of Dubrovnik against the company Excelsa nekretnine dd. However this legal entanglement ends, certainly how the Act must be obeyed and how Excelsa Real Estate must pay a concession to use it. Of course, the question arises as to how it is at all possible that nine years have passed without the Concession Agreement being signed, while the cable car has been operating normally all these years and generating revenue. And then we wonder why our young people are leaving Croatia. center_img However, on Friday (April 05, 2018), Excelsa nekretnine announced that they will continue working until further notice. Excelsa nekretnine: The Dubrovnik cable car continues to operate until further notice  Photo: Dubrovnik Cable Car We did not have to wait long for the reaction of the city of Dubrovnik to the announcement, more precisely for one day. Thus, on Saturday (April 06, 2019), the Mayor of Dubrovnik, Mato Franković, reacted in his statement that he points out due to a series of untrue allegations in the statement of Mr. Ante Rusković from the company Excelsa nekretnine, the City of Dubrovnik as a concession provider is obliged to react the space would not be untrue and thus confuse the public. This proves the correctness of the decision of the city administration to file a lawsuit against Excel Real Estate and that in this way the City of Dubrovnik earns what it should have earned from the concession fee, more precisely the amount with interest of about 30 million kuna, said Dubrovnik Mayor Mato Frankovic for Dubrovnik Herald and added: “Once again, I doubt why the City of Dubrovnik did not initiate such a lawsuit in the past, because the outcome would certainly be the same, and the money would have been collected a long time ago. We expect that the State Attorney’s Office of the Republic of Croatia, for its part, will protect the City of Dubrovnik and prevent Excels from real estate from performing economic activities without a previously obtained concession.” Namely, DORH gave Excelsa nekretnine a deadline until the end of this month to comply with the law of the Republic of Croatia, pay receivables for previous periods to the City and the State and sign a concession agreement with the City of Dubrovnik, because otherwise, until these conditions are met, suspended. In the end, Franković concludes that the closure of the cable car is the only legal solution in a case in which the provisions of the Law on Concessions are not respected. The solution is at the table and the quick reaction of the State Namely, in the whole process or legal entanglement, Excel Real Estate points out that they have been waiting for a concession agreement with the city of Dubrovnik for nine years. As they point out, to date, they have submitted a request for a concession a total of three times, once to the Government and twice to the City of Dubrovnik, but to date they have not received an official response and the contract has not been submitted for signature.  In any case, the worst case scenario for tourism would be for the Dubrovnik cable car to stop working in the long run, because it is certainly a top tourist attraction and the best view of Dubrovnik. This trump card is also held by Excelsa nekretnine, as well as the recent beginning of the tourist season, although the first three months also saw an increase in arrivals and overnight stays in Dubrovnik. But everything has its limits, including the patience of the city of Dubrovnik. The city of Dubrovnik is demanding around 30 million kuna last_img read more