Le secteur minier et les minerais en Afrique du Sud

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first_imgL’Afrique du Sud, celebre dans le monde entier pour etre un tresor, beneficie d’une abondance de ressources minieres, produisant et detenant une proportion importante des minerais du monde.La richesse de l’Afrique du Sud provient des vastes ressources du pays: environ 90% du platine mondial, 80% du manganese, 73% du chrome, 45% du vanadium et 41% de l’or. Il n’y a que le petrole brut et la bauxite que l’on ne trouve pas dans le pays.Le pays est un producteur de premier rang de metaux precieux comme l’or et le platine ainsi que de metaux de base et de charbon. C’est le quatrieme producteur mondial de diamants.Et les specialistes estiment que le potentiel de decouverte d’autres gisements de rang mondial dans des regions qui n’ont pas ete encore totalement exploitees est considerable.Classement economiqueLa position de l’Afrique du Sud en tant que plus gros producteur d’or du monde, une position qu’elle a occupee pendant plus d’un siecle, a ete usurpee par la Chine en 2007. L’or, autrefois pierre d’achoppement de l’economie sud-africaine, a vu son importance diminuer avec la diversification de l’economie nationale.Cependant, le secteur minier est toujours crucial pour l’Afrique du Sud, les metaux precieux contribuant a 65% des benefices d’exportation de minerais du pays et a 21% du total des exportations de marchandises en 2006. Le pays fournit environ 80% du platine mondial.Le secteur minier est aussi le plus gros employeur d’Afrique du Sud, avec environ 460 000 employes et 400 000 autres employes par les fournisseurs de biens et services a ce secteur.TransformationLa possession, l’acces et les opportunites en lien avec les ressources minieres du pays sont reglementes par la Loi de developpement des ressources minieres et petrolieres de 2002 qui reconnait le droit de garde de l’etat sur ces ressources.La transformation est une question essentielle a laquelle fait face le secteur minier d’Afrique du Sud. Un acces equitable aux ressources et aux opportunites minieres a ete defini par la loi en tenant compte d’une participation importante des personnes habituellement ecartees faisant l’objet de la charte d’encouragement des noirs a la participation a l’economie (BEE) du secteur.Actuellement, plus de 70% de la main d’œuvre du secteur est noire mais moins de 5% des postes a responsabilite sont occupes par des noirs. Des objectifs ont ete definis par le gouvernement et, d’ici 2009, toutes les societes minieres devraient atteindre un taux de remplissage de 40% des postes a responsabilite par des sud-africains autrefois defavorises.Les autres objectifs pour les 10 ans a venir comprennent le transfert de 26% des actifs miniers a des societes appartenant a des noirs et en garantissant que 51% des futurs projets miniers soient diriges par des societes appartenant a des noirs.Points fortsEn tant que pays minier important, les points forts de l’Afrique du Sud comprennent un haut niveau de connaissances technique et productives ainsi que des activites de recherche et developpement coherentes.Le pays possede des equipements de traitement primaire de rang mondial couvrant les secteurs de l’acier au carbone, de l’acier inoxydable et de l’aluminium, en plus de l’or et du platine. C’est egalement un leader mondial dans le domaine des nouvelles technologies telles qu’un processus revolutionnaire qui transforme le minerai de fer tres fin en unites ferreuses de qualite superieure.Ce type d’enrichissement ou de valeur ajoutee a des matieres minerales brutes avant exportation a ete identifie par le gouvernement comme un secteur de croissance potentielle important. Il existe des opportunites lucratives de traitement en aval et d’ajout de valeur localement au fer, a l’acier au carbone, a l’acier inoxydable, a l’aluminium, aux metaux du groupe platine et a l’or.Leaders du secteurDeux des plus grandes societes minieres du monde sont originaires d’Afrique du Sud. BHP Billiton, la plus grosse societe miniere du monde, est issue de la fusion entre la societe sud-africaine Billiton et la societe australienne BHP.Anglo American Plc, dont la cotation principale se fait a la bourse de Londres et la cotation secondaire a Johannesburg, detient plusieurs grandes filiales comme Anglo Platinum, Anglo Coal, Impala Platinum et Kumba Iron Ore.Diamond miner De Beers, une autre societe sud-africaine, est detenue par Anglo American et un consortium dirige par le gouvernement du Botswana. Le plus gros producteur de diamants du monde a produit environ 51,1 millions de carats en 2007.Derniere mise a jour de l’article : Septembre 2008SAinfo reporter. Sources (sites en langue anglaise) :South Africa YearbookDepartment of Minerals and EnergyChamber of Mines of South AfricaStandard Bank: Economic Profile: South AfricaBusiness DayMining WeeklyMineweblast_img read more

Has IBM Just Launched A Cloud Currency?

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first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#cloud#cloud computing#news Related Posts IBM is launching a token based service for its Rational software that could be the basis for a currency that is used to exchange credits for using cloud-based applications.The service is being tested first with Rational and then could be rolled out to other IBM software.The “token,” based service is a type of cloud currency that is defined by the usage and the value of the product that the customer is using on the IBM Cloud.A customer may buy tokens for any aspect of the product development process. For example, a customer may purchase tokens to use for testing in the cloud or for security.The software products in the Rational product line get assigned a token value, depending on the cost of the product according to traditional licensing terms.The tokens may be passed to different users, thus avoiding the cost of licensing the product. The tokens can be purchased and reused for use with different Rational products.Currency can be traded. It is used to purchase every day items. Cloud computing is increasingly becoming an every day purchase. IBM could eventually assign tokens to any application. The applications could even be broken down by features and assigned a cost based on its value.You can see where this may be going. IBM is using a cloud-based currency to get more usage for its products. This model could be applied to any number of products that are part of an exchange.Cloud computing is creating new economic models that are based on usage of the raw computing capabilities from service providers. Applications are shared in the cloud but the terms are as of yet not defined to the extent that they possess a form of currency for exchange.Will this evolve into a market trend and the development of a new application exchange? What do you think?center_img alex williams Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Salesforce.com Countersuing Microsoft for Patent Infringement

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first_imgSalesforce.com, the world’s leading SaaS vendor, is suing Microsoft for patent infringement, Business Week reported today. As we’ve reported, Microsoft filed suit against Salesforce.com for patent infringement last month. Salesforce.com has hired David Boies who represented the U.S. Department of Justice in its antitrust case against Microsoft.TechCrunch reports the patents Salesforce.com is alleging Microsoft infringed are:Patent No. 6,813,633, Dynamic multi-level cache manager.Patent No. 6,918,059, Method and system for handling errors in a distributed computer system.Patent No. 7,024,454, Work sharing and communicating in a Web site system.Patent No. 7,209,929, Java object cache server for databases.Patent No. 7,305,454, Apparatus and methods for provisioning services. Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now In April, Salesforce.com chairman and CEO Marc Benioff said about Microsoft: “The reality is that these patent trolls are unfortunately just part of doing business in technology these days. They’re basically the alley thugs. Every thriving economy has alley thugs.” Bringing on Boies is a clear sign Salesforce.com is taking Microsoft’s legal threats seriously. During his career, Boies defended IBM during the Justice Department’s antitrust case against the company, represented New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner in a suit against Major League Baseball, represented Vice President Al Gore in Gore’s dispute over the 2000 election, represented SCO Group in its controversial Linux patent disputes, and several other high profile intellectual property cases.Horacio Gutierrez, Microsoft’s deputy general counsel for intellectual property told Business Week that, “We remain confident in our position and will continue to press ahead with the complaint.”Microsoft claims Salesforce.com infringed the following patents:Method and system for mapping between logical data and physical dataSystem and method for providing and displaying a web page having an embedded menuMethod and system for stacking toolbars in a computer displayAutomated web site creation using template driven generation of active server page applicationsAggregation of system settings into objectsTiming and velocity control for displaying graphical informationTiming and velocity control for displaying graphical informationMethod and system for identifying and obtaining computer software from a remote computerSystem and method for controlling access to data entities in a computer network IT + Project Management: A Love Affair klint finley Tags:#enterprise#news Related Posts Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…last_img read more

Resource Discovery: NCADV Hope & Power for Your Personal Finances

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first_imgJay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PdD[Flickr, Check out the sweet colors and upholstery job on this hotel love seat. I know it looks like “Motel 2” or “Faded Pink Roof Inn” but this was the room they gave us with Sarah’s super secret double platinum frequent guest card by colorblindPICASO, CC BY-NC 2.0]The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV), in collaboration with the National Endowment for Financial Education, has developed financial education materials designed specifically for domestic abuse survivors. NCADV offers information on their financial education project, information on obtaining copies of Hope & Power for Your Personal Finances, and other useful financial education materials on their website. This post was written by Jay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PhD, members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn.last_img read more

Bowbazar house collapse 27 buildings need to be razed say experts

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first_imgKolkata: An expert team has submitted its first report on the condition of the buildings in Bowbazar area, where a tunnel-boring work caused damage to several houses recently.The reports, which was submitted to Kolkata Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (KMRCL) on Wednesday, identified 27 buildings that were beyond repairs and needed to be razed. The identified houses are located in Durga Pithuri Lane, Shyakra Para Lane and Gour Dey Lane in the Bowbazar area. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari Puja Sources said in the first phase, the team examined 70 buildings and submitted a report on 54 houses. Out of these 54 houses, 27 needed to be demolished. Also, people can move back to the other 27 buildings soon. The buildings in the area had developed structural damage following subsidence on August 31. Following the incident, a special team — led by Jadavpur University civil engineering department professor emeritus Nitin Som — was formed. The team visited the spot at least twice before the report was filed. It submitted its first report on the East-West Metro. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highway As per sources, a copy of the report will be sent to Kolkata Municipal Corporation and to police before the next course of action. Some residents may also be shifted soon, said KMRCL officials. As per sources building where people can be rehabilitated are mostly located in Gour Dey Lane. While few may get back to their home before puja, others may get shifted phase-wise, sources added A machine that was boring a tunnel of East-West Metro had ran into a giant aquifer on August 31.(With inputs from Indian Express)last_img read more