Planet Party Busted by Triton

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first_img(Visited 491 times, 1 visits today) Theories can be like parties with tantalizing speculations until big, whopping anomalies spoil the fun.Check out this headline on New Scientist: “Neptune’s other moons were normal until Triton crashed the party.” Leah Crane writes, “It came in like a wrecking ball. Neptune has one of the weirdest collections of moons in our solar system, and it’s Triton’s fault.”It came in like a wrecking ball. Neptune has one of the weirdest collections of moons in our solar system, and it’s Triton’s fault.Crane is quick to invoke the planetary scientists’ all-purpose cause for every anomaly: an impact. Still, this impact would have had to be finely tuned to explain Triton’s weirdness. Here are some of the facts about Triton that challenge secular theories:Triton has an almost perfectly circular orbit.Triton orbits retrograde, opposite the direction of Neptune’s other moons.Triton is active, with nitrogen geysers on its surface and evidence of recent cryovolcanoes.Unlike the other gas giants, Neptune “has several tiny moons either very close in or far away from the planet – most of which orbit in the direction of the planet’s spin – and one huge one, Triton, orbiting in the opposite direction.”Robin Canup, who invented a finely-tuned impact to account for Saturn’s rings (xx, recently repeated by Space.com), commented,“Triton crashed the party, literally and figuratively,” says Canup. “It destroyed the well-behaved satellite system that was there before it.”The article can’t leave the party crashed without some explanation for the mess. The problem is not that planetary scientists are not creative enough to imagine a scenario to fit any anomaly; after all, they are an imaginative bunch (see Canup’s proposal on Cornell arXiv). The problem is that Triton requires a scenario to fit their preconceived idea of how the solar system formed. Here’s what’s required for such a scenario:To get from a serene Uranus-like system to what we see at Neptune today, three things have to be true: the early moons had to be small enough that they wouldn’t destroy Triton as it crashed into them; they had to somehow slow Triton down so that it would be captured in the relatively close and circular orbit that it has now; and Neptune’s outer moons had to remain intact.A sufficiently improbable scenario is indistinguishable from intelligent design. The comment above is exacerbated by the fact that Uranus is no simpler:Like Neptune, the magnetic field at Uranus is highly inclined to its spin access, and is off-center.The Uranus system is tilted more than 90 degrees, such that the whole system could be said to orbit retrograde.Uranus has a “weirdest” moon of its own: Miranda, with several distinct domains that make it look like it was assembled by a committee (11/22/14).So how do planetologists explain Uranus? The same way they explain Triton, but even more so: not just one finely-tuned (and unobservable) impact: but three or more (10/09/11).As CEH has reported over the years, the whole solar system is weird (3/14/16). Secular theorists routinely invoke impacts as creative forces to explain numerous other anomalies in the solar system (10/17/13):Mercury’s density (10/17/14)Venus’s planet-wide volcanic activity (5/03/14)Earth’s extinction of dinosaursThe Moon’s origin (10/18/12, 2/21/13, 1/10/17)Mars’s water and hemispheric dichotomy (5/03/14)Ceres organics (Phys.org)Saturn’s rings, the terrain dichotomy at Enceladus, the Phoebe Ring (10/07/09)Titan (10/17/13)Pluto’s terrains and moon Charon (7/15/15)Asteroids with moonsEven exoplanet models need impacts. “Hot Jupiters” tend to crash into their parent stars. Those that survive migration must have been struck to stay in orbit.It should be noted that solar system formation theories keep evolving (9/08/14). A new one appeared on Phys.org, “Accretion theory suggests gas giants might start out as steamy worlds.” In planetary science, might makes right. If you say something “might” have happened, you can’t be falsified.As we have argued, the solar system is weird only if it is old (3/14/16).last_img read more

Diabetes and Green Building

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first_imgI barely know who Paula Deen is, although from what I can tell, she seems to be quite the marketer of traditional southern cooking as well as herself. (I may be a little jealous of her self-promotion skills). Her latest big news is that after years of eating and promoting heavy, butter-laden food, she has gone public with her Type-2 diabetes, a condition she has had for three years.She only went public with her illness after she signed an endorsement deal with Novo Nordisk, a diabetes drug. This seems to me to be about the most self-serving act possible. She spends years making millions marketing unhealthy food to her fans, then figures out how to make more money by helping sell them the medication they need to not get sick or die from what she sold them before.Anthony Bourdain, a food curmudgeon if there ever was one, tweetedon the subject: “Thinking of getting into the leg breaking business, so I can profitably sell crutches later.”From food to buildingsIn this particular analogy, it seems to me that Deen’s behavior is not unrelated to the eco-bling I recently addressed in this blog. Her excessive use of butter and sugar contributed to her diabetes, and her use of medicine to correct the situation is not that much different from big inefficient homes with ground-source heat pumps and photovoltaic systems that are called green.It’s all in the behavior – with food, it’s eating healthier and less. In the case of homes, it using less energy and living in smaller homes.Can I get a sponsor?Now my own diet could improve — I take statins for high cholesterol — but I eat better than most people and only want to go so far in changing my diet.Similarly, in the past I have been guilty of promoting and building oversized green homes, and I currently consult and certify them because I need to make a living. But I don’t, and probably wouldn’t, start hawking solar panels or ground-source heat pumps (unless of course they decide to start paying me gobs of money – are you listening, manufacturers?)But Deen already has gobs of money and she is negatively affecting the health of millions of Americans who are influenced by her shows and stores. If I only had that much affect on people, I suppose I would be as rich as she is.last_img read more

Must-Know Filmmaking and Music Trends for 2018

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first_imgIn their Creative Trends 2018 report, Shutterstock reveals the most-searched keywords for royalty-free footage and music.All images via Shutterstock.Whether you sell them stock footage or simply license royalty-free video clips and music, the global marketplace Shutterstock has released their report on the biggest Creative Trends of 2018. This report details how some keywords have seen an astronomical increase in searches.It’s worth knowing about these trends, as you may find yourself tasked with creating a video using some of these trending topics. More importantly, you have the opportunity to sell any trending footage you might own through Shutterstock’s contributor platform. So here’s what you need to know to make some money — or start working on some trending projects.Major Trend 1: FantasyWhether it’s for a traditional fantasy like Game of Thrones or the modern horror-fantasy crossover Stranger Things, people have increased their searches for mystical creatures massively. Terms like “unicorn” are up 297 percent and “mermaid” 145 percent.In terms of music, there seems to be a crossover in this genre. Epic orchestral music continues to grow in popularity, but the synthwave soundtrack to Stranger Things has seen an even greater boost, as synthwave sound has increased 494 percent.You can check out the Shutterstock Fantasy footage collection here.Here are some royalty-free playlists worth a listen:’80s Synth MixtapeStrange ’80s Synth Music for Horror and Fantasy FilmsImmersive Epic Music Major Trend 3: New MinimalismFor filmmakers, new minimalism isn’t only about images — it’s also about creating clean lines and bold looks. With increases in the search terms “continuous line” up 432 percent and “neon circle” up 387 percent, this look represents a rising public interest, reflected in films like John Wick, Atomic Blonde, and countless music videos. The use of quasar lights has become a standard on many sets, not only because of their affordability but also because of the dynamic look they create.Check out these collections from Shutterstock:New Minimalism imagesNew Minimalism footageNew Minimalism music Major Trend 2: SpaceMaybe you don’t want to live on this planet anymore, or maybe you’re a dreaming of a dystopian sci-fi future — either way, searches for space are on the rise. Searches for “solar” are up 991 percent, and interest in “astro” has increased 671 percent. As with its popularity in the fantasy genre, synthwave continues to dominate — likely based on the incredible score to Blade Runner 2049.Dive into this popular look and these popular sounds:Futuristic Sci-Fi Synth: Royalty Free Music for Ultramodern Noir ThrillersSpace Footage by ShutterstockSpace Music by Shutterstockcenter_img See More Creative TrendsYou can discover all of the 2018 Creative Trends on Shutterstock. The page houses some really beautiful collections of images, footage, and music for each of these trends — as well as many other design-oriented topics. Here’s the full list:Natural LuxuryPunchy PastelsA Global MarchCactusDigital CraftsAncient GeometricsCryptocurrencyHolographic FoilYou can also see trends from around the world based on geography. It’s a really cool dive into Shutterstock data, and I highly recommend giving it a read.last_img read more

4 days agoNewcastle boss Bruce happy with his forward options

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first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Newcastle boss Bruce happy with his forward optionsby Paul Vegas4 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveNewcastle United manager Steve Bruce says he’s happy with his forward options.Toon have scored just five goals in nine Premier League matches.”We’ve got options now. Andy and Dwight both came on, and we have options in the final third now,” Bruce said.”It’s only the second game for Allan, too, and he’s got a lot of fitness work to catch up on. We’re hoping that he can stay well because he is a threat and, of course, Almiron is a very decent player, too.”He looks a little bit short on confidence at the moment because he hasn’t scored a goal. We hope that can return, but it only really returns when he gets one, which will hopefully be next week.” last_img read more

Coming together for climate

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first_img“Time for talks is over, the world needs to act”, said Prime Minister Narendra Modi at UN Climate summit. And keeping true to his word, India looks towards furthering its endeavours in the domain of solar energy production, also given that 80 nations are already in collaboration to promote this shift in the manner of energy consumption. Urging world leaders to expedite policies to conserve the environment is a much-needed and much-delayed orientation of politics altogether. After having established numerous achievements at the cost of the environment and in that manner, superiority among competing nations, the protection and conservation of the physical environment has assumed a gargantuan significance because it has finally dawned that nature and the environment are the very locus of life—whether in a developed nation or in a developing one—and that in order to ensure any kind of qualitative sustainability in the long run, being in harmony with nature is the pre-requisite condition for it. The idea of climate resilient infrastructure had to be a necessary innovation in the times of rapidly degrading environment because reckless urbanisation and belligerent development in the chase for economic progress had caused the environment to suffer the onslaught of gross human negligence. It was not until the very air we breathe turned toxic that we realised that climate—local, regional, and as a whole—need special attention and concerted effort for not just further progress in balance with the natural surrounding and structures but also to make liveable the present times from which there is little escape. Also Read – A strong standpointPrime Minister Narendra Modi’s very first address in New York was at the Climate Action Summit on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). An element of drama that may be interpreted as a matter of significance was the unscheduled visit of US President Donald Trump as a surprise guest in the audience for 10 minutes. The US President lending an ear to the Indian Prime Minister’s climate address and applauding his speech brings in picture the dramatic walk-out of the USA from the Paris Agreement. As the world leaders gathered to “discuss a leap in collective national ambition”, Narendra Modi extended the proposal of a combined, collaborative effort made by nations to not only address the climate urgency but to also incorporate efforts to enable a change in the mindset and bring in a behavioural change conducive in mitigating the impacts of an erratic climate. Invoked the teachings of Gandhi’s simple ways of life, Prime Minister Modi told the gathering at the UN Headquarters in New York, that “What we need is a global people’s movement to bring about behavioural change. The respect for nature, the judicious use of resources, reducing our needs and living within our means have all been important aspects of both our traditions and present day efforts… We believe that an ounce of practice is worth more than a ton of preaching.” Emphasising that “need” and not “greed” should be the guiding principles in the efforts to overcome the serious challenge of climate change, it was necessary to bring to highlight on the international platform that India has been championing solar energy production and has brought in its fold 80 nations that are already working with India to promote it. Saying that “We believe that an ounce of practice is worth more than a ton of preaching”, coming together and acting on a war footing to manage the alarming environmental situation demands the attitude to identify with the common interest of a stable and healthy environment. Also Read – Development misconstruedIt is exemplary the way India has been working on a number of campaigns to contain climate change. Institutionalising the provision of clean cooking gas connections to 150 million families, ‘Jal Jeevan’ mission for water resource development, water conservation, and rainwater harvesting, call for a mass movement to shun the use of single-use plastic are just some of the efforts in this direction. India has set an example at the world stage in laying out and pursuing a road map to tackle key the key issue of climate change. This includes the Prime Minister’s vow to upgrade India’s non-fossil fuel target to 450 GW by 2022. Certainly, renewable energy is key to slowing down the heating of the earth and this is a sector that requires both specific education on the domestic side and political clout to bring matters to a result externally. A practical approach to the climate issue is the need of the hour. Reiterating India’s commitment to the creation of 175 GW renewable energy capacity by 2022 under the Paris Climate Agreement, India’s comprehensive approach covers education, values, and everything from lifestyle to developmental philosophy, ultimately making room for the necessary behavioural change. India intends to spend approximately $50 billion in the next few years on the Jal Jeevan Mission to conserve water, harvest rainwater and develop water resources and is planning to considerably increase the proportion of the biofuel blend in petrol and diesel, making the transport sector green through the use of electrical vehicles. It is commendable how India is surging ahead and setting example of how dedicated it is to curb and mitigate the effects of climate change but on a closer look, the implementation of these very right programmes will validate the efforts India is truly making.last_img read more